Intro to Digital Accessibility Video

Transcript or Alternate URL: 

- [Zayira] So from the
real to the virtual,
what is digital accessibility?

And you may notice here
a change of language,
because rather than talking
about Web, I'm talking
about digital to put it
in a broader context.

It's a broader scope,
because many of the things
that we talk about or we work on,
many of the things that
we start as a document,
for instance, in Word,
might end up in the Web.

So digital content in general
should be taken into account.

Going back to the ramp, when
you think about accessibility
in the real world, you
think about the ramp, right?

You think about the curb cuts,
you think about the things
that are very popular in
terms of architecture.

Web accessibility is that for
the Web, for digital content.

Web accessibility means that people
with disabilities can use the Web,
but it's also good for
persons with disabilities
and that is the definition of
the World Wide Web Consortium,
the W3C, which is the
organization that was founded
by Tim Berners-Lee, the
creator of the HTML,
which is what the Web
is based above, right?

So you see the slide where
you see captions, right?

This is a scene from a retro movie,
to put it somehow, it's
called "Blade Runner."

And you may think that I'm either a geek
or old as heck
(audience laughs)
as a result, but anyways, the point is
that the captions are there as a result
of a settlement between Netflix
and National Association for the Deaf,
Department of Justice, and
Office of Civil Rights.

That basically what establishes
that the Web is a place
of public accommodation, and as so,
we need to, or Netflix in
this case, needed to provide
the same access to
persons who might be deaf.

So that's why they had
to provide captions,
and nowadays, I benefit
from those captions
because me not being an
English native speaker,
I do use captions.

And I can hear less and less every day,
so I benefit from those as well.

So some of the things, when
I define Web accessibility
or digital accessibility,
rather, when I talk to people,
the first thing they ask me is what to do.

They're more than willing at Iowa State
and anywhere I go,
people are really willing
to do whatever it takes to do this.

And what do we do?

There are very, very quick things
that we can take care of in
Word documents, in e-mail.

We don't need to be Web
developers, right, Jeff (laughs)
to do things in an accessible way.

So the things that I have
pointed out to in the website,
there are five, at least five things
that we can do really
quickly and take care of.

I've called it the "Do It Yourself."

And this website is gonna
change in a little while,
but just now, we have
this information out there
so that whenever you're
interested in knowing
how to implement accessibility
in your documents,
in your e-mail, in your
websites, you're able to do so.

And these are five things
that you can take care of really easily.

Alternate text, which
is if you have an image,
if you have an element
that is not textual,
you have to have an alternate
text for that element
in the document, in the content.

The color needs to be high
contrast and needs to take
into account persons who
might be color blind.

So you have to check for that.

Link text refers to, you may
have seen a million links
that say, "Click here," or "More here."

That doesn't tell you anything.

As a user, who can see,
that's kind of confusing.
A person who uses a screen reader
and reads through a number of links
that are listed by his screen
reader, with the same text,
doesn't know where he's
going if he clicks that link.

So link text needs to
explain what it stands for.

The structure refers to having headings,
the appropriate type of
headings in your document.

You can see it in this Web page.
You have a heading, what
they call heading one, two.

I have a heading one for
things that are the main topic
and then subtopics are headings
that are lesser subtopics,
related to subtopics.

And then you also have considerations
for forms and table headers.

And you have information here
about how to check your document.

I'm not gonna go into it in detail
because we have scheduled sessions already
to go through these more in detail.

And you could also resort to the website.

So the official standards,
like Maureen (DeArmond, ISU Counselor) already said,
is the Web content
accessibility guidelines.

If you wanna go through it,
it's an extense document,
it's very comprehensive.

My recommendation to you
is to start prioritizing.
There are things like
alternate text that you can do
automatically while
you're creating a document
and they don't take that much effort.
But these are the extents
and the guidelines
that the university has adopted as of now,
or as of sometime already.

And this is the address or the URL for my,
for the website, for the
digital access website (www.digitalaccess.iastate.edu)

It's already up, like I said,
it's gonna change into a more,
I guess, graphic-oriented
version in the next couple weeks,
which is gonna look more like this.

It's all about providing
training and resources
and how to do it yourself
so that you can get
that information and be able
to work on it on your own.

So the question is Web
accessibility is the creation
of websites that are accessible
to person with disabilities, yes or no?

And I don't, I'm gonna say
it's kind of like a trick question, too.

(audience laughs)

And let's look at the answers.

Web accessibility is
the creation of websites
that are accessible to
persons with disabilities
and we have kind of three-quarters yes.

Originally, you could say so.

You could argue that Web accessibility is
about making the Web accessible,
but like I said, I have expanded
or there's a trend in the
accessibility community
to expand the concept
to embrace digital content.

So now you hear more and more
digital accessibility, rather.

A recording of the session held last fall on digital accessibility is available.

The short video (6:36) provides a quick overview of what is digital accessibility and five easy tasks you can complete to address accessibility when you are creating digital content