Intro to Digital Accessibility Video

Transcript or Alternate URL: 

- [Zayira] So from the

real to the virtual,

what is digital accessibility?


And you may notice here

a change of language,

because rather than talking

about Web, I'm talking

about digital to put it

in a broader context.


It's a broader scope,

because many of the things

that we talk about or we work on,

many of the things that

we start as a document,

for instance, in Word,

might end up in the Web.


So digital content in general

should be taken into account.


Going back to the ramp, when

you think about accessibility

in the real world, you

think about the ramp, right?


You think about the curb cuts,

you think about the things

that are very popular in

terms of architecture.


Web accessibility is that for

the Web, for digital content.


Web accessibility means that people

with disabilities can use the Web,

but it's also good for

persons with disabilities

and that is the definition of

the World Wide Web Consortium,

the W3C, which is the

organization that was founded

by Tim Berners-Lee, the

creator of the HTML,

which is what the Web

is based above, right?


So you see the slide where

you see captions, right?


This is a scene from a retro movie,

to put it somehow, it's

called "Blade Runner."


And you may think that I'm either a geek

or old as heck

(audience laughs)

as a result, but anyways, the point is

that the captions are there as a result

of a settlement between Netflix

and National Association for the Deaf,

Department of Justice, and

Office of Civil Rights.


That basically what establishes

that the Web is a place

of public accommodation, and as so,

we need to, or Netflix in

this case, needed to provide

the same access to

persons who might be deaf.


So that's why they had

to provide captions,

and nowadays, I benefit

from those captions

because me not being an

English native speaker,

I do use captions.


And I can hear less and less every day,

so I benefit from those as well.


So some of the things, when

I define Web accessibility

or digital accessibility,

rather, when I talk to people,

the first thing they ask me is what to do.


They're more than willing at Iowa State

and anywhere I go,

people are really willing

to do whatever it takes to do this.


And what do we do?


There are very, very quick things

that we can take care of in

Word documents, in e-mail.


We don't need to be Web

developers, right, Jeff (laughs)

to do things in an accessible way.


So the things that I have

pointed out to in the website,

there are five, at least five things

that we can do really

quickly and take care of.


I've called it the "Do It Yourself."


And this website is gonna

change in a little while,

but just now, we have

this information out there

so that whenever you're

interested in knowing

how to implement accessibility

in your documents,

in your e-mail, in your

websites, you're able to do so.


And these are five things

that you can take care of really easily.


Alternate text, which

is if you have an image,

if you have an element

that is not textual,

you have to have an alternate

text for that element

in the document, in the content.


The color needs to be high

contrast and needs to take

into account persons who

might be color blind.


So you have to check for that.


Link text refers to, you may

have seen a million links

that say, "Click here," or "More here."


That doesn't tell you anything.


As a user, who can see,

that's kind of confusing.

A person who uses a screen reader

and reads through a number of links

that are listed by his screen

reader, with the same text,

doesn't know where he's

going if he clicks that link.


So link text needs to

explain what it stands for.


The structure refers to having headings,

the appropriate type of

headings in your document.


You can see it in this Web page.

You have a heading, what

they call heading one, two.


I have a heading one for

things that are the main topic

and then subtopics are headings

that are lesser subtopics,

related to subtopics.


And then you also have considerations

for forms and table headers.


And you have information here

about how to check your document.


I'm not gonna go into it in detail

because we have scheduled sessions already

to go through these more in detail.


And you could also resort to the website.


So the official standards,

like Maureen (DeArmond, ISU Counselor) already said,

is the Web content

accessibility guidelines.


If you wanna go through it,

it's an extense document,

it's very comprehensive.


My recommendation to you

is to start prioritizing.

There are things like

alternate text that you can do

automatically while

you're creating a document

and they don't take that much effort.

But these are the extents

and the guidelines

that the university has adopted as of now,

or as of sometime already.


And this is the address or the URL for my,

for the website, for the

digital access website (www.digitalaccess.iastate.edu)


It's already up, like I said,

it's gonna change into a more,

I guess, graphic-oriented

version in the next couple weeks,

which is gonna look more like this.


It's all about providing

training and resources

and how to do it yourself

so that you can get

that information and be able

to work on it on your own.


So the question is Web

accessibility is the creation

of websites that are accessible

to person with disabilities, yes or no?


And I don't, I'm gonna say

it's kind of like a trick question, too.


(audience laughs)


And let's look at the answers.


Web accessibility is

the creation of websites

that are accessible to

persons with disabilities

and we have kind of three-quarters yes.


Originally, you could say so.


You could argue that Web accessibility is

about making the Web accessible,

but like I said, I have expanded

or there's a trend in the

accessibility community

to expand the concept

to embrace digital content.


So now you hear more and more

digital accessibility, rather.

A recording of the session held last fall on digital accessibility is available.


The short video (6:36) provides a quick overview of what is digital accessibility and five easy tasks you can complete to address accessibility when you are creating digital content